Investment is an asset or item purchased with the intention of generating income or appreciation is referred to as an investment. The term “appreciation” describes a rise in an asset’s worth over time. When a person buys a product as an investment, they don’t intend to utilize it right away; instead, they plan to use it to make money later on.

Investment is usually the use of a resource today—time, effort, money, or an asset—in the anticipation of receiving a larger return than what was first invested. A financial asset, for instance, might be bought by an investor now with the hope that it would provide income later on or be sold for more money.

Related: Saving vs Investing: Which is Better?

Types of Investment

Stocks, bonds, commodities, and real estate are the four major asset types that investors can put money into in the hopes of seeing their investments appreciate. Besides these fundamental securities, there are funds like mutual funds and exchange traded funds (ETFs) that purchase various combinations of these assets. You invest hundreds or thousands of different assets when you purchase these funds.

1. Stocks:

Companies raise money by selling stock to finance their activities. Purchasing stock entitles you to a portion of a company’s assets and enables you partake in its profits (and the losses). Some equities also distribute dividends, which are sporadic small payments made from earnings.

Stocks have a higher risk than some other investments because there are no guarantees of profits and certain companies may fail.

2. Bonds:

Investors can “become the bank” by purchasing bonds. When businesses and countries need to raise capital, they borrow funds from investors by issuing bonds, which are a type of debt.

When you buy bonds, you are making a fixed-term loan to the issuer of the bond. The Issuer will give you a specified rate of return in addition to the money you initially lent them as payment for your loan.

Bonds, often known as fixed-income investments, are typically less risky than stocks due to their guaranteed, fixed rates of return. But not every bond is a “safe” investment. Some bonds are issued by businesses with bad credit, which increases the possibility that they may not be repaid in full.

3. Commodities:

Agriculture products, energy products, and metals, particularly precious metals, are all considered commodities. These assets, whose prices are based on market demand, are typically the raw materials needed by the industry. For instance, if a flood reduces the amount of wheat available, the price of wheat may rise as a result of scarcity.

Purchasing “physical” goods entails acquiring large quantities of gold, wheat, and oil. This is not how most individuals invest in commodities, as you might assume. Investors instead use futures and options contracts to purchase commodities. Other securities, such as ETFs or purchasing the stock of firms that manufacture commodities, can also be used to invest in commodities.

Investments in commodities might be comparatively risky. Trading in futures and options typically entails using borrowed funds, which increases your risk of losing money. That’s why buying commodities is typically for more experienced investors.

4. Real Estate:

Purchasing a house, a building or a plot of land can allow you to invest in real estate. Real estate investments come with varying levels of risk and are influenced by a wide range of variables, including local government stability, crime rates, economic cycles, and crime rates.

Consider purchasing shares of a real estate investment trust (REIT) if you want to invest in real estate without physically owning or managing any property. Companies known as REITs use real estate to produce income for its owners. They typically yield bigger dividends than many other types of assets, such as equities.

Also Read: Importance of Financial Literacy?


No matter how you decide to begin investing, remember that it is a long-term process, and you’ll profit most from making regular investments over time. That entails following through on an investing plan whether the markets are rising or falling.

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